IVO en el Congreso del Colegio Europeo de Oftalmólogos Veterinarios (ECVO)


U. Fernández, L. Torres y Paco Simó, del IVO, presentaron un caso clínico en el Congreso del Colegio Europeo de Oftalmólogos Veterinarios (ECVO) que tuvo lugar el pasado mes de marzo en Estoril.

El equipo de IVO presentó en el ECVO un poster con el caso clínico de Fox, un Yorkshire de 10 años operado de melanoma de conjuntiva.

Este tipo de tumores no son frecuentes en medicina veterinaria, y un 81% de ellos son malignos. En el caso de Fox, la biopsia confirmó que el tumor era maligno. Se le practicó la cirugía para extraer el tumor y tratamiento con quimioterapia.

A los 6 meses se pudo comprobar que el tumor no había reaparecido.

Caso clínico melanoma conjuntiva canino

A los 6 meses se pudo comprobar que el tumor de Fox no había reaparecido. Foto: IVO

Incluimos a continuación el texto íntegro del póster, junto con la imagen para descargar.

Poster ECVO: “Management of canine conjunctival amelanotic melanoma, a case report”

U. Fernandez, F. Simo & MD Torres
Instituto Veterinario Oftalmológico, Barcelona, Spain

Poster IVO en ECVO 2017

Poster de IVO en Congreso Europeo de Oftalmólogos Veterinarios ECVO 2017. Foto: IVO

Purpose

To describe a case of recurrent conjunctival amelanotic melanoma in a canine patient.

Case description

9-year-old male Yorkshire terrier presented with a depigmented proliferative mass (Fig. 1a,b) on the ventral palpebral conjunctiva of the left eye. Excisional biopsy without adjutant local therapy was performed. A definitive diagnosis of amelanotic melanoma, was confirmed by immunohistochemistry stains due to the high expression of Melan A (Fig. 2a,b). Relapse of the tumor was observed 1 month later and excisional surgery with adjuvant therapy was performed, with major surgical margins and double freeze-thaw cryotherapy was performed, to prevent possible future relapses. On initial post surgery treatment, topical and oral antibiotics and a mitomycin C 0,04% (MMC) collyrium were used, TID in two-week cycles and one-week rest period. The only adverse effect associated was mild blepharitis. After six month, tumor recurrence had not been observed. (Fig. 3)

Conclusions

In the present case, surgical excision followed by cryotherapy and topical treatment with MMC helped preventing the tumor recurrence. In the authors’ knowledge this is the first reported case of canine amelanotic conjunctival melanoma and its surgical treatment with topical chemotherapy.

Discussion

Melanocytic tumors are not common in veterinary medicine and 81% of them are malignant. The Rottweiler and Cocker spaniel breeds are predisposed. (1,2). They have a great potential of local relapse in spite to the aggressive surgeries performed, although systemic metastasis is usually low, being the palpebral conjunctiva the location with greater potential for recurrence and also metastasis. (1,3) The definitive diagnosis is made by histopathology and, in case of amelanotic melanomas, with the confirmation by immunohistochemistry, using markers such as Melan A (as in our case) or the HMB 45. (3,4) In human medicine, different protocols for the surgical excision of conjunctival melanomas and adjuvant therapies before or after surgery are described.(5-7) MMC is used because it affects all cellular phases inhibiting neoplastic and fibrovascular tissue growth after surgery (8-10) ; in veterinary medicine is used to reduce corneal and conjunctival fibrosis on glaucoma surgery, as well as chemotherapeutic adjuvant in keratectomy for squamous cell carcinomas. (6,9) Intraoperative cryotherapy is used to induce necrosis of the margins of tumor cells during the part of thawing causing the efflux of the intracellular contents. (7)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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